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Turistické info o meste Prešov | Tourist info on the town Presov | Informacja turystyczna w mieście Presov | Touristische Informationen über die Stadt Presov

DEMARCATION AND LOCATION OF THE PREŠOV TERRITORY
The city of Prešov is the political and administrative seat of Prešov autonomous region which is the largest region in Slovakia regarding the number of population and the second largest regarding its area. Prešov is also the third largest city in Slovakia as for the number of population which is 87,288 (31.12.2015).

Location of Prešov:

  • – Latitude: 49° 00′ 00″ North
  • – Longitude: 21° 15′ 00″ Earth
  • – Centre of the city – St. Nicholas Concathedral – 48˚59’53.3” North; 21˚14’23.7” East, lies at an altitude of 255 metres (nearly 837 ft) above sea level
  • – Altitude range: from 229 metres at the confluence of the rivers Torysa and Delňa to 480 metres on the peak of Malkovská hôrka (Malkovska Hill), Šarišská vrchovina (Šaris Highlands)

The city of Prešov has a convenient location of the crossroads from west to east and from north to south. International north-south railway route – Poland, Plaveč, Prešov, Košice, Hungary passes through the city. Regarding road transport, Prešov is the junction of west-east road traffic – Czech Republic, Žilina, Prešov, Vyšné Nemecké, Ukraine and north-east road traffic – Poland, Svidník, Prešov, Košice, Hungary.

RELIEF
Prešov territory is situated in the central part of eastern Slovakia, in the northern part of Košická kotlina (Kosice Basin) which passes through narrow valley between Bikoš and Dúbrava to Šarišské podolie in Spišsko-šarišské medzihorie (Spis-Saris mountains). The relief of the area of Spišsko-šarišské medzihorie is a typical upland with low flat peaks and wide valleys. The Torysa valley between Bikoš and Dúbrava is an important element of the relief which leads the river from Šarišské podolie to Kosice Basin. A substantial part of the territory belongs to Kosice Basin which has the character of smoothly modeled upland. Saris Highlands are situated in the sout-west part of the territory. These areas represent the territory between Slanské Hills in the east and Branisko in the west.

CLIMATE AND HYDROGEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS
The average annual temperature is 8,6 ˚C. The hottest month of the year is July with the average temperature of 19,5 ˚C and the coldest month is January with the temperature of -3,5 ˚C. Average annual cloudiness is 65%, the cloudiest month is December and the least cloudy is in September. July has 268 hours of sunshine while December has only 43. Annual average is 1956 hours. Regarding rainfall conditions, the territory of Prešov belongs to mountain-continental region. Rainfall maximum in summer: July, August, minimum: February, March. The average annual rainfall is 631 mm. Number of snow days per winter is 30-42.

Regarding hydrogeography, the territory of Prešov belongs to the drainage basin of the Black Sea, more specifically to the Torysa basin. The river Torysa flows through the area which is about 8,5 km long. The river belongs to the mid-mountain region considering its runoff. Maximum flow is in March and April, minimum is in September. The most significant leftward tributary of Torysa is the river Sekčov which drains eastern part of the city. The river Torysa accretes another river (Delňa) on the southern edge of Prešov. Other rightward tributaries of Torysa are: Vydumanecký potok (Vydumanecký Stream), Malkovský potok (Malkovský Stream). Tributaries of the river Sekčov: Šebastovka, Ľubotický potok (Ľubotický Stream), Šalgovický potok (Šalgovický Stream), Solivarský potok (Solivarský Stream). The river Torysa ranks to the 3. class in terms of pollution.

There are many mineral springs in the area of Prešov. We can find several important springs in the south-west part of the area such as Borkut, Popík, Malý Borkút which are slightly mineralized and rich in calcium and magnesium. There is also a mineral spring containing carbonated water rich in calcium and magnesium – Kvašná voda located in the area called Cemjata. Some other areas rich in mineral springs are Išľa and Solivar where you can find sodium – chloride water. The springs in Išľa were also used for balneological purposes in the past.

FLORA AND FAUNA
Current vegetation has only exceptionally the character of the original vegetation which was almost entirely removed. The original vegetation cover on floodplains was mostly formed by wetlands and thermophile oak-hornbeam forests could be found in wolds. The primary communities disintegrated because of the removal of the original vegetation cover.