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Turistické info o meste Prešov | Tourist info on the town Presov | Informacja turystyczna w mieście Presov | Touristische Informationen über die Stadt Presov

Regarding Prešov’s historic personalities, many of them are connected with the Prešov philosophical school (Evangelical College), among them Jan Bayer (1630 – 1674), Eliaš Ladiver (17th century), and Izák Caban (1632 – 1707). The renowned Czech philosopher, pedagogue and theologian Jan Amos Komenský (1592 – 1670) visited Prešov several times during his time in Sarospatak, Hungary. A large number of well-known Slovak people studied and worked at the Prešov Evangelical College, e. g. Štefan Daxner (1822 – 1892), Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav (1849 – 1921), Janko Jesenský (1874 – 1945), Jonáš Záborský (1812 – 1876), Jozef Gregor Tajovský (1874 – 1940), and Eugen Barkány (1885 – 1967). The Czech preacher, organist and composer Edmund Pascha (1714 – 1772) lived and composed in the monastery and Franciscan church of St. Joseph in Prešov in the mid-18th century. The first production of beet sugar in central Europe was carried out by Ján Samuel Gertinger (1754 – 1813) in Prešov in 1801. In Prešov, the pioneer of photography, Karol Divald (1830 – 1897), established the first artistic studio of photography in Upper-Hungary (Slovakia was a part of Austria-Hungary at that time) in 1878. Kristian Kern, the inventor of medication against murrain (rinderpest), also lived in Prešov in the 18th century. Prešov likewise holds the primacy in Europe in the field of vaccination against smallpox thanks to the famous pharmacist and physician from Prešov, Jan Adam Rayman, who also conducted the first meteorological observations and measurements in Slovakia.

Ladislav Berceni (1689 – 1778), an important general, acting mostly in the service of France, was born in Prešov on the 3rdof August, 1689. Regarding painting, several distinguished artists have come from Prešov, e. g. Jakub Bogdani (1660 – 1724), a Slovak baroque painter, who worked for the British queen, Mary, since 1694 and later for Queen Anne. Oscar Berger (1901 – 1997) was a well-known caricaturist working in Prague, Paris, London, Berlin and New York where he created drawings for numerous significant magazines like Life, the New York Times, the New York Herald Tribune, Le Figaro and The Daily Telegraph. Yehuda Lahav (1930 – 2010), a writer, journalist and reporter from Middle East spent most of his youth in Prešov. Janko Borodáč (1892 – 1964) is considered to be one of the founders and most important figures of Slovak professional theatre. Alexander Duchnovič (1803 – 1865) was a Ruthenian national revivalist, writer and a Greek Catholic parson. Ján Ladislav Kalina (1913 – 1981), a Slovak writer, scenarist, translator and humourist, spent his childhood in Prešov, too. Prešov is also the birthplace of Pal Maléter (1917 – 1956), Hungarian Minister of Defence and the leader of the rebels during the Hungarian anti-Soviet revolution of 1956; Kalman Kertész (1867 – 1922), a Hungarian entomologist of Slovak (Prešov) origin who worked as the director of the Hungarian National Museum in Budapest; and Ladislav Pavlovič (1926 – 2013), a well-known Slovak and Czecho-Slovak football player.

Contemporary artists and well-known people in Slovakia connecting their origins to Prešov are actors, such as Juraj Kukura, Pavol Mikulík, Andrej Šilan (1930 – 2009), and Boris Farkaš, as well as Milka Zimková (writer, actor and director), Martin Brezina (scenographer and artist), Fero Fenič (director and screenwriter), Sergej Kopčák (permanent member of the Metropolitan Opera in New York), Peter Lipa (jazz singer), and the popular singers Peter Nagy, Ivan Tásler, Katarína Knechtová, Martin Husovský; Ivana Christová (the first ‘Miss’ of the Czechoslovak Republic), Katka Koščová (the first winner of Superstar, the Slovak version of Pop Idol).